ランドスケープ憲章とは、一般社団法人ランドスケープアーキテクト連盟(JLAU )によって作成された本連盟の活動および事業における指針、会員のランドスケープに関する活動の規範を示したものです。

0. 序文 Preface

Landscapes are spaces that are shaped by our experiences and memories. They are the result of the characteristics and interrelationships between natural, cultural, and social elements. Experiences and memories in the landscape over time become embedded in our psyche, and ultimately come to be a part of our existence. The dynamic and varying landscapes across the earth have supported human life for thousands of years, while also helping shape the identities of individuals and groups. These landscapes include places that are to be honored and passed down from generation to generation, to those that are part of our everyday lives. Japan Landscape Architects Union (JLAU) represents Japan as one of the fifteen countries that belong to the IFLA-APR (International Federation of Landscape Architects – Asia Pacific Region). As a part of the federation, we are to act with the utmost care to ensure that the characteristics and potential value provided by the landscapes of this region are not compromised by excessive human intervention, and that environmental diversity is not lost by improper development.

一般社団法人ランドスケープアーキテクト連盟(JLAU )は、IFLA-APR (International Federation of Landscape Architects – Asia Pacific Region:国際造園家連盟アジア太平洋地区)に加盟する15 カ国の組織のひとつとして、この地域のランドスケープが有する特性と潜在的な価値が、過度な人為的干渉によって損なわれることのないように、またランドスケープを構成する要素の多様性が不適切な開発行為によって失われることのないように、細心の注意をはらい行動することが求められています。

1. 目的 Purpose

The Japanese archipelago is surrounded by oceans on all sides with climates ranging from subtropical to subarctic.  These varying climates have fostered diverse landscapes ranging from traditional gardens to forested and agricultural landscapes, and it is our responsibility to pass on these rich landscape resources for next generations to come. 
This charter is to preserve and enhance the value of Japan’s unique landscapes by detailing frameworks and guidelines for policy, protection and conservation, planning, design, construction, management, and operation. Japan Landscape Architects Union (JLAU) not only consists of Registered Landscape Architects (RLA) but also includes civic, governmental, and other stakeholders who share similar interests. 


2. 構成 Organization

This charter is to promote the conservation, restoration, and creation of landscapes that are sustainable to the environment.  For this, it is necessary to build a collaborative environment among all stakeholders involved in the profession of landscape architecture, and to be transparent with the discussions and decision-making process between stakeholders and the public.  This charter deals with the organization and management of the fundamental landscape values that are to be shared with society, matters related to general and individual policy of organizational management, and defining the breadth of work for which the charter shall be responsible.  In addition, while maintaining harmony with the IFLA-APR Landscape Charter, this charter establishes a framework for promoting the conservation, restoration, and creation of Japan’s unique landscape resources.  By doing so, we aim to contribute to the sustainability of landscapes of this region and the profession as a whole.


3. 基本的価値観 Fundamental Principles

Our charter is based upon the seven fundamental principles stated below, and we believe that these philosophies should be shared by landscape professionals and stakeholders. 


3.1 持続可能性 sustainability

Resource management, conservation, and regeneration of healthy ecosystems on the local and global scale, help maintain and improve economic and social vitality, support the expression of regional cultural diversity, and deepen mutual understanding.


3.2 審美性 aesthetics

It is important to identify the aesthetic essence of the landscape that is being preserved, regenerated and created.  This can be done through an analysis of universal aesthetic values, human instinctive values, cultural values, social values, and subjective values based on individual experiences.


3.3 アイデンティティ identity

The identity of a landscape architect lies within the constant presence of time and space.  However, this does not mean a generalized  approach to temporal and spatial elements.  The landscape architect must approach each situation with fresh eyes and reflect the unique factors specific to each place, while bringing their individuality and uniqueness as a professional into the process.


3.4 人間の健康と福祉 human well-being

As part of nature, the health and well-being of our body and soul are maintained through various relationships.  Landscapes that involve the relationships between individuals, families, communities, and society can affect physical, mental, and social well-being which ultimately improves the quality of life.


3.5 伝統と革新 tradition and innovation

The origin of the Japanese garden is considered to be in prehistoric places of religious worship, which is a representation of how Japanese culture views nature.  From the second half of the 7th century to the 17th century, the style of the Japanese garden was established and flourished.  After the Meiji Era (1868 – 1912), landscapes evolved to include urban environments due to modernization.  It is important to learn from the traditions cultivated by Japan’s unique view of nature, history, and culture, and to pass this on when creating new landscapes, so that they meet the needs of modern values, including philosophy, style, and technology.


3.6 社会的包摂 inclusiveness

Participation of diverse stakeholders is required in all landscape architecture-related business processes, including policy, protection and conservation, planning, design, construction, management, and operation.  Mutual understanding and continuous communication among stakeholders are conducive to problem-solving and having a clear direction, which will lead to gaining a strong followership.


3.7 レジリエンス resilience

Japan is a country prone to various natural disasters, and with climate change, it is important now more than ever to find solutions to making landscapes more resilient.  A long-term perspective to conserve and create multifunctional and sustainable landscapes is necessary. Maintaining a balance between ecosystem conservation and human life activities and reviewing land use from a disaster prevention perspective can help to create resilient urban and living environments.


4. 概念の定義 Concept

Landscapes are spaces that are shaped by our experiences and memories and are also a result of the characteristics and relationship between natural, cultural, and social elements. Highlighting Japan’s unique history, geographical factors, and rich culture can shape the concept of landscape-related work that should occur to meet the demands of society.


4.1 ランドスケープの政策 landscape policy

The national or local government creates policy for practicing landscape protection, conservation, planning, design, construction, management, and operation.


4.2 ランドスケープの保護・保全 Landscape protection and conservation

The correct understanding of the unique elements of a landscape design, its mechanisms, the artisanship, and technical aspects, can help preserve the universal and characteristic value of a landscape space, and is a key factor in passing it on to future generations.


4.3 ランドスケープの計画 Landscape planning

In dealing with a site and its surroundings, we have established policies such as strategic land use, facility development, and long-term efforts in operation management which are based on foundational values.  These are compiled and documented as clear and feasible methods and procedures of landscape planning.


4.4 ランドスケープの設計 Landscape design

Landscape design covers the development of a concept plan, including proposals of the tangible elements in the space, and compiling it as a design package (design drawings, specifications, construction documents, etc.) showing how the space will be constructed.


4.5 ランドスケープの施工 Landscape construction

Construction includes the literal manipulation of the physical elements in the landscape that shape the space.  The landscape design is built based on construction documents.  Developing and constructing the landscape is a continuous process and often deals with natural elements and materials, therefore it is necessary to have project management skills along with special design skills.


4.6 ランドスケープの管理・運営 Landscape management and operation

To have a healthy and sustainable landscape, it is paramount to have highly adaptable management that is able to understand changing needs over time, the regional environment, and spatial characteristics that suit the social environment. In addition, management should organize various programs for community building and promoting an active use of the space. 


5. 活動の基本方針 Basic policy of activities

Landscapes are an expression of the various relationships between natural, cultural, and social elements, and it is necessary to recognize landscapes that have exceptional value for communities while expressing a unique sense of place. Japan Landscape Architects Union (JLAU) and related parties will work to ensure that consideration for the landscape is properly positioned in national and local administrative policies that respond to changes in the environment, economy, culture, and society that directly or indirectly affect the landscape.  Simultaneously, while analyzing and considering the international landscape qualification system and renewal standards, we will consider Japan’s unique perspective and continue efforts to ensure a standard level of education and ensure the profession is meeting the needs of society.  Furthermore, we will build a system that allows anyone to be involved in social implementation (practice), research and education for this purpose – fostering generations who will be responsible for the future of the profession.


6. 個別の活動方針 Individual Participant Policy

In order to achieve the Basic Policy of Activities, the Individual Participant Policy is defined below.


6.1 関連する職能等との連携 Partnership with related functions

To enhance the effectiveness of the Statement of Purpose set forth in this charter, it is essential not only to improve the expertise of landscape-related professionals, but to actively collaborate with other professionals in related fields. To achieve this, we aim to share knowledge and information, and to build a complementary relationship through sharing knowledge of accumulated experience and technical and scientific research results.  We will also promote collaboration with diverse stakeholders to bring out unique values and characteristics of natural and social environments that differ from region to region.


6.2 社会的認知の向上 Improving Social Understanding

To preserve and improve the value of landscapes unique to Japan, it is important to spread awareness of the profession of landscape architecture, and to hold opportunities to share knowledge within the field and with society in various ways.


6.3 職能の存立基盤の確立 Basic Service Charges

To establish an economically viable foundation for landscape architectural work, we have appropriately priced our range of services (such as landscape design services, consulting, etc.) to which the client will be charged.  Additionally, we will proactively ensure that the fee is consistent with international standards.


6.4 パフォーマンスの検証と評価 Performance review and evaluation

It is important to continuously improve the quality of spaces, landscapes, environment, and the profession by a cyclical performance review and  evaluation process.  We aim to contribute to the creation of enriched landscapes by setting clear goals and designing a process to periodically implement review and evaluation done by various stakeholders and citizens.


附則 Appendix

憲章の採択 Adopting the  Charter

This charter is for professionals related to the field of landscape architecture practicing in Japan, a place to share common values and work towards goals.  Specifically, organizations and individuals who promote the protection, conservation, planning, design, construction, management, operation, and work related to sustainable landscapes shall be recognized as sharing the spirit of this charter.  Any organization or individual wishing to adopt this charter must formally notify the Japan Landscape Architects Union (JLAU) before acceptance or rejection. The JLAU President shall provide appropriate advice on the use of the charter and the manner in which it may be used to enable organizations and individuals who adopt the charter to fulfill their responsibilities as set forth in the charter. Action must be taken to remove from the list of adopters those organizations and individuals who interfere with the achievement of the goals of the charter.  


The JLAU president has approved_________________(name) to adopt this charter on _______________(date) at/in ___________________(location) during a general assembly meeting.
A signed copy is kept at the JLAU administrative office and shall be visible to all members.


憲章の公告 Communication

The JLAU president must disseminate information on the following:
Newly adopted charter organizations 
Revisions to the charter
Activities, announcements, and information related to the charter.


憲章の改正 Revisions to the Charter

Any organization or individual that has adopted this charter may propose a revision by submitting to the President of the Japan Landscape Architects Union (JLAU) a proposed revision along with any supplementary material that can be determined to further the provisions of this charter. The proposed revision will be discussed at the JLAU general assembly meeting and will be approved only if it is supported.